Environment

Energy

See G4-23 for more information about scope. All scope 1 energy except solar energy is non-renewable. Part of scope 2 energy is renewable, see Directors’ Report, section “Environmental responsibility” for more information. Leased assets are generally considered scope 1 and scope 2.

G4-EN3

Energy consumption within the organization

Direct energy consumption, GWh

2017

2016

2015

Continuing operations

29

30

31

Discontinued operations

79

104

161

Direct energy consumption, total

108

134

192

The Discontinued operations figure includes 1 GWh renewable energy generated by solar powered base stations in Ucell in Uzbekistan. Direct energy consumption consists mainly of diesel and gasoline for back-up generators and for company cars. The comparatively large figure for Discontinued operations reflects the need for back-up generator power where or when access to grid electricity is limited or unavailable.

Indirect energy consumption, GWh

2017

2016

2015

Continuing operations

1,063

1,037

1,114

Discontinued operations

375

401

419

Indirect energy consumption, total

1,438

1,438

1,533

The major share of indirect energy (electricity, district heating and district cooling) is consumed by base stations and data centers. The figures also include offices, stores and other locations such as warehouses.

Omission: we are unable to specify energy used for cooling and heating of network equipment.

G4-EN5

Energy intensity

See Directors’ Report, section “Environmental responsibility.”

G4-EN6

Reduction of energy consumption

Energy savings initiatives, mainly related to replacing older equipment at base stations and data centers, closing technical sites and various office energy efficiency programs accounted for reported savings of around 40 GWh in continuing operations.

Emissions

See G4-23 and Energy for more information about scope. IEA, Defra and Nord Pool residual mix emission factors have been used as a basis for calculating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. For scope 2 emissions, the following applies:

  • Emissions from electricity consumption in the Nordics and Baltics have been calculated using market based emission factors. 
  • All other emissions have been calculated using location based emission factors.

Emissions are reported as CO²e as we estimate that the difference between CO² and CO²e is negligible.

G4-EN15-16

Direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions (scope 1 and scope 2)

Greenhouse gas emissions,
ktons CO²e

2017

2016

2015

Direct emissions (scope 1)

     

Continuing operations

7

8

8

Discontinued operations

19

25

40

Direct emissions, total

26

33

48

       

Indirect emissions (scope 2)

     

Continuing operations

75

78

122

Discontinued operations

168

176

167

Indirect emissions, total

243

254

289

Direct and indirect emissions, total

269

287

337

 

G4-EN17

Other indirect greenhouse gas emissions (scope 3)

Greenhouse gas emissions,
ktons CO²e

2017

2016

2015

Continuing operations

6

7

9

Discontinued operations

3

2

3

Other indirect emissions from business travel, total

9

9

12

A significant share of the total emissions generated in our value chain is generated at suppliers’ operations. Correctly calculating these emissions across all markets is challenging as data is often lacking or of low quality. Therefore we only report business travel emissions.

G4-EN18

Greenhouse gas emissions intensity

See Directors’ Report, section “Environmental responsibility.”

G4-EN19

Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

See Directors’ Report, section “Environmental responsibility.”

Effluents and waste

G4-EN23

Total weight of waste by type and disposal method

Dismantled telephone poles,

ktons

2017

2016

2015

Sweden

7

5

6

Finland

1

1

4

Total

8

6

10

Waste reporting covers only operations in Sweden and Finland, where we are confident in the data provided by waste handlers. To provide meaningful comparison between scopes and years, we limit waste reporting to include only dismantled telephone poles. These poles are considered hazardous waste and are mainly dismantled as part of the technology shift from fixed to mobile networks.

In addition, approximately 600 tons of electronic waste was reported. The accuracy of this figure is uncertain as much of this waste, generated mainly from replacing equipment at or decommissioning technical sites is handled by contractors. See also Directors’ Report, section “Environmental responsibility.”

Omission: we are aware of the reporting gaps and continuously review how we can improve waste reporting.

Supplier environmental assessment

G4-EN32

Percentage of new suppliers screened using environmental criteria

See Directors’ Report, section “Responsible sourcing.”

Omission: we are unable to report separately on the percentage of new suppliers. As we develop our supplier assessment processes, this data might become available.