Environment

Energy

See “Emissions” regarding reporting scope and changes during the reporting period. All scope 1 energy except solar energy is non-renewable. Part of scope 2 energy is renewable, see Sustainability Work, section “Environmental responsibility” for more information.

G4-EN3

Energy consumption within the organization

Direct energy consumption by geographical area, GWh

2016

2015

2014

Sweden

3

3

4

Europe

27

29

31

Eurasia

104

161

178

Direct energy consumption, total

134

193

213

The figures include energy generated by solar powered base stations in Tcell in Tajikistan and Ucell in Uzbekistan, 2 GWh in total. Direct energy consumption consists mainly of fuel for generators used to provide back-up power, and for company cars. The large figure for Eurasia reflects the need for back-up generators where or when access to grid electricity is limited or unavailable.

Indirect energy consumption by geographical area, GWh

2016

2015

2014

Sweden

439

434

444

Europe

552

639

656

Eurasia

403

421

398

Other countries¹

47

41

29

Indirect energy consumption, total

1,441

1,535

1,527

1) Telia Carrier outside above areas.

The major share of indirect energy consumed (electricity, district heating and district cooling) is used for running base stations and data centers. The figures also include offices, stores and other locations such as warehouses.

Omission: we are unable to specify energy used for cooling and heating of network equipment.

 

G4-EN5

Energy intensity

See Sustainability Work, section “Environmental responsibility.”

 

G4-EN6

Energy saved due to conservation and efficiency improvements

Energy savings initiatives, mainly related to replacing older equipment at base stations and data centers, closing technical sites and various office energy efficiency programs accounted for reported savings of around 60 GWh.

Emissions

WRI, IEA, Defra and Nord Pool emission factors have been used as a basis for calculating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Historical figures have been recalculated using the most recent emission factors and are presented below as market-based emissions, with the following exceptions:

  • Eurasia, Other operations and operations in Spain (which is reported as part of Europe) have been calculated using location-based emission factors, as well as emissions from district heating and district cooling.
  • Operations in Spain and Nepal are excluded from 2016 figures as they were divested during the year, but are included in 2014 and 2015 figures.

Leased assets are generally considered as scope 1 and scope 2. All major operations where Telia Company has financial control are included, unless otherwise noted. Joint ventures are included based on ownership share. Emissions are reported as CO2e as we estimate that the difference between CO2 and CO2e is negligible. 

 

G4-EN15-16

Direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions (scope 1 and scope 2)

Greenhouse gas emissions by geographical area, ktons CO2e

2016

2015

2014

Direct emissions (scope 1)

     

Sweden

1

1

1

Europe

7

7

7

Eurasia

25

40

44

Direct emissions, total

33

48

52

       

Indirect emissions (scope 2)

     

Sweden

0

0

0

Europe

58

105

112

Eurasia

176

167

161

Other countries¹

20

17

12

Indirect emissions, total

254

289

285

Direct and indirect emissions, total

287

337

337

1) Telia Carrier outside above areas.

Recalculating scope 2 emissions using a market-based approach and excluding figures from Spain in 2016 produced a significant change to Europe.

 

G4-EN17

Other indirect greenhouse gas emissions (scope 3)

Greenhouse gas emissions by geographical area, ktons CO2e

2016

2015

2014

Sweden

3

4

4

Europe

3

3

2

Eurasia

2

3

3

Other indirect emissions from business travel, total

8

10

9

A significant share of the total emissions generated in our value chain is generated at suppliers. Correctly calculating these emissions is challenging across all markets as data is often lacking or of low quality. Therefore we only report business travel emissions from all countries.

 

G4-EN18

Greenhouse gas emissions intensity

See Sustainability Work, section “Environmental responsibility.”

 

G4-EN19

Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions

See Sustainability Work, section “Environmental responsibility.”

Effluents and waste

G4-EN23

Total weight of waste by type and disposal method

Dismantled telephone poles, ktons

2016

2015

2014

Sweden

5

6

8

Finland

1

4

6

Total

6

10

14

Waste reporting covers only operations in Sweden and Finland, where we are confident in the data provided by waste handlers. To provide meaningful comparison between scopes and years, we limit waste reporting to include only dismantled telephone poles. These poles are mainly dismantled as part of the technology shift from fixed to mobile networks.

In addition, approximately 1,050 tons of electronic waste was reported. The accuracy of this figure is uncertain as much of this waste, generated mainly from replacing equipment at or decommissioning technical sites is handled by contractors. For more information, see Sustainability Work, section “Environmental responsibility.”

Omission: we are continuously reviewing how we can improve waste reporting. 

Supplier environmental assessment

G4-EN32

Percentage of new suppliers screened using environmental criteria

See Sustainability Work, section “Environmental responsibility.”

Omission: we are unable to report separately on the percentage of new suppliers. As we develop our supplier assessment processes, this data might become available.